Sagen und Geschichten aus dem Zwickauer Land:
This book is an excellent resource for scientists, political decision makers, and students interested in the impact of peatlands on climate change and ecosystem function, containing a plethora of recent research results such as monitoring-sensing-modeling for carbon-water flux/storage, biodiversity and peatland management in tropical regions. It is estimated that more than 23 million hectares (62 %) of the total global tropical peatland area are located in Southeast Asia, in lowland or coastal areas of East Sumatra, Kalimantan, West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Brunei, Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak and Southeast Thailand. Tropical peatland has a vital carbon-water storage function and is host to a huge diversity of plant and animal species. Peatland ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the impacts of human activities such as logging, drainage and conversion to agricultural land. In Southeast Asia, severe episodic droughts associated with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, in combination with over-drainage, forest degradation, and land-use changes, have caused widespread peatland fires and microbial peat oxidation. Indonesia´s 20 Mha peatland area is estimated to include about 45-55 GtC of carbon stocks. As a result of land use and development, Indonesia is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases (2-3 Gtons carbon dioxide equivalent per year), 80 % of which is due to deforestation and peatland loss. Thus, tropical peatlands are key ecosystems in terms of the carbon-water cycle and climate change.
This volume is of great importance to humans and other living organisms. The study of water quality draws information from a variety of disciplines including chemistry, biology, mathematics, physics, engineering, and resource management. University training in water quality is often limited to specialized courses in engineering, ecology, and fisheries curricula. This book also offers a basic understanding of water quality to professionals who are not formally trained in the subject. The revised third edition updates and expands the discussion, and incorporates additional figures and illustrative problems. Improvements include a new chapter on basic chemistry, a more comprehensive chapter on hydrology, and an updated chapter on regulations and standards. Because it employs only first-year college-level chemistry and very basic physics, the book is well-suited as the foundation for a general introductory course in water quality. It is equally useful as a guide for self-study and an in-depth resource for general readers.
This textbook aims to be a one stop shop for those interested in aerosols and their impact on the climate system. It starts with some fundamentals on atmospheric aerosols, atmospheric radiation and cloud physics, then goes into techniques used for in-situ and remote sensing measurements of aerosols, data assimilation, and discusses aerosol-radiation interactions, aerosol-cloud interactions and the multiple impacts of aerosols on the climate system. The book aims to engage those interested in aerosols and their impacts on the climate system: graduate and PhD students, but also post-doctorate fellows who are new to the field or would like to broaden their knowledge. The book includes exercises at the end of most chapters. Atmospheric aerosols are small (microscopic) particles in suspension in the atmosphere, which play multiple roles in the climate system. They interact with the energy budget through scattering and absorption of solar and terrestrial radiation. They also serve as cloud condensation and ice nuclei with impacts on the formation, evolution and properties of clouds. Finally aerosols also interact with some biogeochemical cycles. Anthropogenic emissions of aerosols are responsible for a cooling effect that has masked part of the warming due to the increased greenhouse effect since pre-industrial time. Natural aerosols also respond to climate changes as shown by observations of past climates and modelling of the future climate.
Wasser ist ein wesentlicher Bestandteil unserer Umwelt und Grundlage des Lebens. Qualität und Nutzbarkeit des Wassers werden durch seine Inhaltsstoffe bestimmt. Das Buch gibt - unter Berücksichtigung physikalisch-chemischer und stoffkundlicher Aspekte - einen kurzgefaßten Überblick über Vorkommen, Eigenschaften und Verhalten der wichtigsten natürlichen und anthropogenen Wassetinhaltsstoffe.
This charming illustrated non-fiction picture book takes you on an amazing journey all about the wonderful world of bees and their adventure from flower to flower. Bees are brilliant at building, super social, and - most importantly - along with other insects, they are responsible for a third of every mouthful of food you eat! The Bee Book is perfect to teach children age 5 to 8 all about our fuzzy little friends, how much they matter, why they are declining, and what we can do to help. This dazzling celebration of bees is lavishly illustrated by the talented up-and-coming author and illustrator Charlotte Milner. Children will be fascinated by the beautiful pictures and learn plenty of buzz-worthy facts covering types of bee, bee hives, beekeeping, how they pollinate plants and make honey, and much more. Meet the humble honey bee face-to-face: an animal that is considered nature´s hardest worker, in this educational yet engaging kids book that you can treasure forever.
Sometimes designed objects reject their users: a computer mouse that doesn´t work for left-handed people, for example, or a touchscreen payment system that only works for people who read English phrases, have 20/20 vision, and use a credit card. Something as simple as color choices can render a product unusable for millions. These mismatches are the building blocks of exclusion. In Mismatch, Kat Holmes describes how design can lead to exclusion, and how design can also remedy exclusion. Inclusive design methods¿designing objects with rather than for excluded users¿can create elegant solutions that work well and benefit all. Holmes tells stories of pioneers of inclusive design, many of whom were drawn to work on inclusion because of their own experiences of exclusion. A gamer and designer who depends on voice recognition shows Holmes his ´´Wall of Exclusion,¿ which displays dozens of game controllers that require two hands to operate; an architect shares her firsthand knowledge of how design can fail communities, gleaned from growing up in Detroit´s housing projects; an astronomer who began to lose her eyesight adapts a technique called ´´sonification¿ so she can ´´listen¿ to the stars.
Der deutsche Steinkohlebergbau hinterlässt viele wertvolle Strukturen. So bietet die ehemalige Zeche Prosper-Haniel in Bottrop Schachtanlagen mit einer Teufe von bis zu 1.200 m. Dieser Zugang zur Tiefe und die strategische Lage in einer der größten Industrieregionen Europas kann für ein unterirdisches Pumpspeicherwerk genutzt werden, das Überschussenergie aus regenerativer Erzeugung aufnehmen und somit zum Gelingen der Energiewende beitragen kann. Diese Untersuchung betrachtet das Konzept aus der wirtschaftlichen Perspektive und zeigt das thermische Potenzial dieses neuen Anlagentyps auf.